Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Anca Maria CLIPA, Sorina POSTOLEA
 

When negotiating, people have economic as well noneconomic, subjective concerns. This study is an exploratory investigation into the objective and subjective factors influencing employment contract negotiations and the willingness to interact in future business negotiations in the case of Romanian IT employees and recruiters. The study draws on qualitative data collection and analysis methods, i.e. semi-structured interviews with 10 participants, projective techniques and content analysis. At the time, 5 of the participants held recruitment and contracting HR roles, and 5 were working as employees (programmers, business analysts, IT project managers). They all had a recent working contract negotiation experience (less than one year ago) in the IT industry. Using the principles of corpus linguistics and the methods specific to discourse and critical discourse analysis, our study highlights some of the factors taken into account by Romanian IT employees and recruiters in employment contract negotiations.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th September 2017
  • Keywords: Working contract negotiation, Negotiation, Corpus linguistics, Willingness to negotiate, Subjective value in negotiation
  • Received: 25th August, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th September, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Florin POPESCU
 

Early warning system (EWS) based on a reliable forecasting process has become a critical component of the management of large complex industrial projects in the globalized transnational environment. The purpose of this research is to critically analyze the forecasting methods from the point of view of early warning, choosing those useful for the construction of EWS. This research addresses complementary techniques, using Bayesian Networks, which addresses both uncertainties and causality in project planning and execution, with the goal of generating early warning signals for project managers. Even though Bayesian networks have been widely used in a range of decision-support applications, their application as early warning systems for project management is still new.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 15th September 2017
  • Keywords: Early warning, Forecasting methods, Project management
  • Received: 7th August, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th September, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Cristina Elena NICOLESCU, Ioana Teodora BITOIU, Crina Ramona RADULESCU
 

The paper, based on the coordinates of the problems triggered by the negative externalities chain generated by the poor food supply and production system at the level of the urban collectivities, carries out an analysis focused on the identification of the tools, mechanisms, and good practices needed to ensure the sustainability of the local policies on public nutrition. The experiences in the field show that the progress is remarkable in the case of collaborative administrations aimed at enhancing the cooperation and partnership relations, based on common interests, on both internal and international collaboration level, such as The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact (2015). From this perspective, the paper presents a case study, a significant experience of improving the food supply system of Bucharest population, through local public nutrition policy and the public action set implemented by Bucharest local authorities with the support of State public bodies and the representatives of civil society, materialized in the establishment of peasant markets as flea markets on the territory of Bucharest.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th September 2017
  • Keywords: The Milan Urban Food Policy Pact, Local public policies, Sustainability, Food consumption model, Peasant market, Bucharest
  • Received: 31th August, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th September, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Afrodita BORMA
 

This paper addresses the issue of food waste, which is currently a global problem with repercussions on all the links in the food supply chain. The method used in drafting the paper focuses on extensive documentation based on the official websites of the European Union and International Organizations (FAO, OECD, etc.) concerned with finding solutions that would lead to the reduction of the amount of wasted food. Thus, the paper discusses issues related to: the main situations that generate waste and food losses along the food chain, costs associated with food waste and the projects initiated by the EU to reduce food waste. The final part of the paper presents the programs by which Romania tries to process and capitalize on the current food surplus in order to reduce food waste.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 15th September 2017
  • Keywords: Food waste, Food loss, FAO, FUSIONS project, REFRESH project
  • Received: 1st September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th September, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Ahmed SALAMA
 

This paper aims to examine how literacy rate affects unemployment among different ages in Palestine. Using labour force surveys and annual reports of Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS, 2000-2015), we analyzed 16 years (2000-2015) regarding unemployment percentage and literacy rates among different ages in both genders in Palestine. Linear regression models were used to show how literacy rate affects unemployment among the various ages. The results showed that literacy rate is significantly correlated with the percentage of unemployment among ages of (15 to 24, 25 to 34, and 35 to 44). Gender is significantly correlated with the percentage of unemployment among the ages of (15 to 24, 25 to 34, and 45 to 54). A positive relationship appears between literacy and unemployment. Females have more unemployment than males among ages of (15 to 24 and 25 to 34). On the other side, females have less unemployment than males in the (35 to 44 and 45 to 54) age categories.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 11th October 2017
  • Keywords: Unemployment, Palestine, Literacy rate, Gender, Age
  • Received: 15th July, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th October, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Judit OLÁH, József POPP, Domicián MÁTÉ
 

The turbulent changing economic environment following the 2008 global financial and economic crisis has posed a major challenge to the majority of producing and manufacturing companies. The recessionary economy of the European Union, the “marginal countries” existence on the edge of bankruptcy, the shortage of loans and the subdued consumption of the population all affect the way in which products are marketed and the integration of accompanying services. This change has a significant impact on logistics processes and logistics service providers, as they face changing tasks and challenges in supply chain management. The authors intend to address this impact in their article, which also takes into account the results of international scientific papers.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 11th October 2017
  • Keywords: Servitization, Innovation, Strategy, Logistics service provider, Supply chain
  • Received: 25th August, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th October, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Ahmed SALAMA
 

This paper discusses the challenges of unemployment in Palestine between 2000 and 2015. The study aims to understand the trends and sources of unemployment in Palestine. Using the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) data, trend analysis was used to understand the trends of unemployment in both parts of Palestine (West Bank and Gaza Strip) between 2000 and 2015. The Results showed that there is a downward trend in the unemployment rate in West Bank and an upward trend appears on the unemployment rate in Gaza Strip. The constraints during the second Intifada and the Siege on Gaza Strip are the main factors that affected on unemployment between 2000 and 2015. The economic growth difference in both parts of Palestine (West Bank and Gaza Strip) can be one of the reasons that affecting on unemployment besides the other reasons. Some solutions are introduced for unemployment challenge in Palestine beside the solution of lack of independence issue.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 11th October 2017
  • Keywords: Unemployment, Palestine, Lack of independence, Labour market
  • Received: 8th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 9th October, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Oana Simona HUDEA
 

Frequently debated topic, the issue of foreign direct investments has generated miscellaneous discussions related to the benefits they can provide to an economy, depending on the size, strength, strategy or position of the same, among many other aspects to be considered, however without skipping on the undesirable effects they might cause. With this in mind, we undertook to reveal in the present paper, after a brief clarification of some key related elements in the matter, indices of the advantages and disadvantages they can bring to a still developing country like Romania, the economy of which is analysed in larger detail, from such perspective.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 1st November, 2017
  • Keywords: Foreign direct investments, Equity, Investment shares, FDI benefits and shortcomings, Direct investment enterprise
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 29th October, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Magdalena VELCIU
 

Job matching and finding the best person to the right job inside the right company has become one of the most important and actual challenges of productivity. Not only full employment but the match between the employee and the job, in terms of educational level or field of activity, qualifications and skills of workforce; all have been the new gain of work productivity. Present article synthesizes the theoretical and empirical findings on effects of job mismatch by selecting the main findings about influence of job mismatches on work productivity including both employees and companies sides. on short term overeducation and overqualification could have a positive effect on productivity for one company, but on long term, mismatched worker would be affected by decreasing job satisfaction and lower wages. Also, at macroeconomic level, from a perspective of economy as a whole, job mismatches mean a loss of resources and human capital and could have negative effects on overall productivity. The opposite effects stay at the crossing between the employees, companies, policies and future development. In fact the effects of skill mismatch and productivity is a lost of work potential through inefficient resource (re)allocation.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Skill and educational mismatch, Work productivity, Human resources
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Aida CATANA
 

The educational infrastructure was one of the priorities financed by European Regional Development Fund in Romania through Regional Operational Programme in 2007-2013 programming period. The regions for development in Romania needed financial support to improve the quality of local educational infrastructure but the administrative capacity to get EU funds wasn’t prepared to take advantage of the available opportunities. This paper shows that the level of local development in terms of institutional capacity and financial resources had influenced the amount of funds obtained by the local authorities. Even if the less developed regions had an important need for resources, the more developed regions succeeded to implement more projects for educational infrastructure.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Regional development, EU funds, Educational infrastructure, Regional disparities
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Laura-Alexandra MORTURĂ, Daniel Petru VÂRTEIU, Andreea Elena DREGHICIU
 

The purpose of accounting is to show an entity’s trusty image through different financial reports. The information provided by these reports are used in the decision making process by different categories of users. Throughout time different procedures and techiques have been developed, through which an „embelishment” of financial reports is made. These procedures and techniques are specific to creative accounting and have the capacity to influence both the profit and loss account, but also the entity’s balance sheet. Only by knowing the procedures specific to creative accounting, can the users of financial reports identify the situations, reasons and consequences of their appliance on the information based on which they will make certain decisions. A domain in which the techiques of creative accounting have the capacity of influencing the exercise and implicitly the owned contribution is the one concerning the exchange rate differences.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Creative accounting, Economic – financial information, Exchange rate differences
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Daniela ICHIM, Andra ANDRONICIUC
 

E-Marketplaces are new business places for buying, selling products and services in many industries to support customers. The emergence of business-to-business (B2B) in the online environment has opened up opportunities for effective online transactions between businesses. Research in this area is not enough to offer only fragmented perspectives in this area. Therefore, the targeted research problem was designed to investigate how business performance of online B2B purchases can be analyzed. The proposed study focuses on the online procurement in. Specifically, they try to answer questions such as: Does site, product, and vendor characteristics affect the online procurement in? Does online buying experience influence online procurement by? Participants are that use the Internet to procure products or services. Study respondents were SME managers who believe that online procurement will save time, money and effort, reducing costs.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: E-Marketplaces, Online procurement, Business performance, Online B2B
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Radu-Daniel LOGHIN
 

The role of the audit report is to provide a level of trust to the professional judgment behind the financial statements of a company. The market for audit services is not a homogenous one, and large audit partners known as the Big 4 dominate with their partner networks in both developed and emerging markets. The scientific literature provides a rich background of studies linking auditor affiliation and auditor independence. The current exploratory paper tries to approach the issue of auditor independence and affiliation by drawing on the Ohlson model for a sample of 552 firm-year observations from the Borsa Istanbul, covering the 2014 and 2015 financial periods. The results reveal a strong correlation for the year 2015 between the Big 4 affiliation and the value of the equities, possibly suggesting a correlation between auditor independence and financial statement relevance.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Turkey, Big4, Audit, Relevance
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Emanuela Maria AVRAM
 

Interactivity in the academic environment is a key element of the communication policy of higher education institutions. In the teaching-learning process, mobile technology creates interactivity and offers the ability to access learning resources anywhere and anytime. The main objective of this study is to highlight the importance of mobile technology in the communication and learning process in academia. The results reveal that learning activities which are engaged in the university classroom could be continued and developed through mobile interaction which has become a great tool for the higher education institutions to communicate virtually with anyone despite physical distance. Mobile technologies offer new ways of creating and disseminating knowledge and can be used to improve the overall learning experience of students and teachers.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Interactivity, Communication, Social networks, Learning experience, Mobile technology
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Anca COLIBABA, Irina GHEORGHIU, Anais COLIBABA
 

The article is based on the Erasmus+ project E-Classes (Ref. no.: 2017-1-RO01-KA202-037344), which addresses a few educational needs at the European level: the need to raise students’ interest in scientific issues and develop innovative and ICT based teaching approaches to make science learning more attractive and interactive. The article focuses on a new form of learning, flipped learning, which helps teachers to modify their teaching methods and adapt their teaching contents in a more complete, attractive, motivational, and economic way. The article relies on the transdisciplinary use of this method with science and technological school subjects in the VET sector. It introduces the main objectives, outputs and benefits of the project and gives insights into the efforts made to elaborate, train and experiment the flipped classroom pedagogic model by improving VET teachers and students e-competences and by involving companies in the educational process through multimedia enriched apprenticeship simulations, which aim at enhancing youth employability.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Flipped learning, Science, E-classes, Education
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Ștefan BUNEA
 

Expectations of teachers and employers are not always confirmed by student response and performance. The objective of our research is to find out the perception of final-year undergraduate students towards the contribution of accounting disciplines to shaping and developing skills and competencies, but also to developing student personality. We have found that students prefer courses based on detailed rules rather than courses based on general principles and concepts which require ongoing recourse to professional judgment, scenarios, assumptions, tests, simulations, etc. Concerning professional judgment, students prefer judgments made in financial accounting rather than judgments made for management purposes, which are heavily based on the use of certain competencies such as communication skills, persuasion skills, critical thinking skills, interdisciplinary thinking skills, and decision-making skills.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Accounting education, Competencies, Communication anxiety, Writing skill, Critical thinking
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Luminita PAIUSAN, Marius BOITA, Boby COSTI, Adina Maria MOTICA, Meda DECEBAL, Eduard AJTAY
 

Our research is topical in the context in which accounting takes an increasingly important role in the social life of each individual and implicitly of the society it belongs to and aims to present the alternative accounting concepts and practices of creative accounting on equity and liabilities to tourism entities. In determining the arguments to justify the real need for knowledge in this area we must delineate the research field Creative Accounting. In this sense, the research envisaged a systematization and reconsideration as well a synthesis and antithesis of the concepts presented on this topic in the specialized literature, in the regulations of various professional bodies and authorities. The knowledge of the patrimonial system, of its capacity to generate profits at a time is insured with both accounting and an accurate and effective control.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Tourism, Travel, Accounting, Financial planning, Capital
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Alina-Costina LUCA, Adriana SOUSSIA, Daniela LUCA
 

Blood pressure is a condition whose frequency continues to increase in pediatric ages. This cardiovascular pathology is often secondary to another condition such as parenchymal kidney disease or aortic coarctation. The integration of blood pressure measurement into the routine pediatric examination made it possible to detect asymptomatic secondary hypertension as well as to identify new cases of primary hypertension in the child. The epidemic of childhood obesity tends to increase blood pressure and precipitates complications. Diagnosing this pathology and implementing a healthier lifestyle or medication as early as possible will help reduce morbidity and even mortality by avoiding the progression of high blood pressure to adulthood.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Primary Arterial Blood Pressure, Secondary arterial Blood Pressure, Obesity
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Ionela MANIU, George Constantin MANIU, Bogdan NEAMTU
 

The aim of this article is to investigate the factors that are influencing student satisfaction in case of neurology related massive open online courses (MOOCs). We analyzed data collected from learners enrolled in 40 neurology related MOOCs, by manually looking for information in these courses reviews. The main identified satisfaction factors can be grouped into the following categories: content related factors: course content, additional materials, assignments, external research and teaching - learning related factors (teacher presentation techniques / style): engaging, clear, coherent, knowledgeable, sharing / explanation, interactive, excitement, considering student’s needs, inspiring, sense of humor. Competences, skills and objectives pursued by neurology related MOOCs are also discussed. Analyzing these factors can be useful in new courses management (design and implementation) and also in understanding the needs (motivation, behaviors, perception) of 21st century learners interested in neurology related fields.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Neurology, Masive open online courses (MOOCs), Satisfaction factors, Teaching, Learning
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Alina-Costina LUCA, Daniela LUCA, Adriana SOUSSIA
 

Mitral valve prolapse is a relatively common condition that associates various controversies with regard to therapeutic diagnosis and management. Generally, it is a benign pathology, although it is correlated with nonspecific symptoms such as precordial pain, dyspnoea or even panic attacks. This pathology can be randomly diagnosed following a routine cardiology check in both asymptomatic and symptomatic patients. The mitral valve prolapse is in most cases not progressive, but a minority of patients has the risk of developing mild mitral insufficiency, infectious endocarditis, or even sudden death. The clinician's responsibility is to identify low cases of complications as well as those with unfavourable development to initiate treatment.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Mitral Valve Prolapse, Therapeutic Management
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Laurentiu STUPARIU, Ionela MANIU, George Constantin MANIU
 

Analysis of epidemiological and health-economic indicators on ocular trauma involving children is important for developing targeted managerial, medical and educational strategies of health care providers and patients in order to reduce incidence and severity of pediatric ocular trauma. We analysed data collected from 29 children with ocular trauma from Emergency Hospital of Sibiu, between 2008-2016. For this children with closed globe injury it took an average of 7 days of hospitalization (IQR: (5; 9.5)), with a cost per day of hospitalization on average of 127 RON (IQR: (103; 136)), respectively a total hospitalization cost on average 856 RON (IQR: (529; 998)), with no significant gender or area differences. It took a slightly larger number of hospitalization days in the following situations: (1) in the case of mixed trauma compared to lamellar lacerations or contusions; (2) if the affected area was zone III compared to the other two areas (zone I and zone II); (3) where the visual acuity at admission was less than 1/6(0.16) compared to cases with visual acuity greater than 1/6(0.16); (4) in patients with hypertension at admission compared to those with normal tension or hypotension.

  • Type: Case Study
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Ocular trauma, Pediatric, Health-economic indicators, Hospitalization days, Epidemiology
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Alina Costina LUCA, Oana-Emma HORHOTA
 

Coarctation of the aorta is the fifth as frequency among congenital heart defects, representing 6-8% of all of them. The incidence of coarctation of the aorta is 1: 2,500 births. It is a more commonly encountered pathology in males with a ratio between male and female sex of 2: 1 Patients have different clinical aspects depending on the age at which they are diagnosed. Newborns are most commonly found with heart failure and cardiogenic shock, and large children and adolescents address the pediatrician due to symptoms of headache, epistaxis, lower limb pain, fatigue. To diagnose coarctation of the aorta it is important to measure blood pressure in the upper and lower limbs, and to find a difference of 20 mmHg between them. Pulse is weaker or even absent in the femoral artery whereas in the brachial artery and radial pulse is strong.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 18th November, 2017
  • Keywords: Coarcation of aorta, Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Congenital Heart Malformations
  • Received: 29th September, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 15th November, 2017
Volume V, SEA - Practical Application Of Science
CURRENT ISSUE
Ion Gr. IONESCU, Camelia Isabela MARCU
 

The evolution of the international economic and social-politic life, after 1821 was strongly marked by visible trends and renewing action, animated by the idea of civic freedoms and feudal privileges deleting, emancipation of the peoples and nations. As an expression of the capitalist development, we assist at the constitution intensification of the global market, at the same time, with many differences in opinions, misunderstandings, disagreements and controversies, between the developed strong states, for domination. Politically, this situation has led to convolutions interstate relations, first of all, in Western Europe. Because capitalist relationships were deeply consolidated in this part of the continent, it is easy to understand that countries regarded as great powers - economic, military - were therefore acting, for domination and expansion. The level of economic freedom, as well as the rules of private property defining, have varied, from historical stage, at historical stage. However, on the territory of Romania, the penetration and the development of capitalism and its specific relations have been carried out slower, comparatively, with the West and even the center of Europe. The present study is the fruit of a profound research, through archives, libraries, published papers, periodicals, general and special works, of which, some of them have been finalized with conclusions in order to better understand the processuality and phenomenology of the capital accumulation and capital market formation, drawing of models and templates, depending on conditions and causalities, for knowing their effects.

  • Type: Review Article
  • Published on: 5th december, 2017
  • Keywords: Feudalism, Word market, State capital, Western trade
  • Received: 4th November, 2017
  • Final revision and acceptance: 3rd December, 2017